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Diversity in Stem

The (lack of) diversity in the STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) disciplines is an issue we must all consider as academics. I am a first generation academic and am personally and professionally interested in how we can make "the Academy" a more representative sample of the world around us. I believe this is a worthwhile goal because faculty diversity not only increases the creative contributions of scientists but also increases learning in students, one of the fundamental goals of academics. 

I've compiled some links that begin to discuss the myriad issues associated with diversity in STEM - ranging from implicit bias to stereotype threat to how we're doing as a group. Please let me know if you know of webpages or articles that should be added here!

General Information

"Benefits and Challenges of Diversity in Academic Settings" by Eve Fine and Jo Handelsman for WISELI at University of Wisconsin-Madison.

"On the importance of diversity in higher education" by the American Council on Education.

Women In Science

"Self-confidence of women in science and a camel" by me for Nothing in biology makes sense! 

"Isn't that just...sexism?" by me for Nothing in biology makes sense!

"Why so few?" by American Association of University Women - a whopping 134 page report discussing some of the most important factors on why there are so few women in STEM (especially in senior positions).

The NSF ADVANCE program aims "to increase the representation and advancement of women in academic science and engineering careers" - UC Davis has one of these grants and a blog that's worth checking out!

Miscellaneous

Reducing stereotype threat - reducingstereotypethreat.org - lots of great information here and an amazing bibliography!

The President's Postdoctoral Fellowship Program at the University of California is a 30-year-long, proactive program to increase (and retain) underrepresented groups in the faculty of UC campuses. 

Diversity - A Nature & Scientific American Special Issue

Teaching and Learning

Diversity & Inclusive Learning resource page from Vanderbilt University.

Primary Literature

(Not all of these are open-access, sorry about that!)

 

Symonds MRE, Gemmell NJ, Braisher TL, Gorringe KL, Elgar MA. Gender differences in publication output: towards an unbiased metric of research performance. PLoS ONE 2006; 1:e127

O’Brien K, Hapgood K. The academic jungle: ecosystem modelling reveals why women are driven out of research. Oikos 2012; 121:999-1004

Moss-Racusin CA, Dovidio JF, Brescoll VL, Graham MJ, Handelsman J. Science faculty’s subtle gender biases favor male students. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2012; 109:16474-16479

McGuire KL, Primack RB, Losos EC. Dramatic Improvements and Persistent Challenges for Women Ecologists. BioScience 2012; 62:189-196

Martin LJ. Where are the women in ecology? Frontiers In Ecology and the Environment 2012; 10:177-178

Hutson SR. Self-citation in archaeology: Age, gender, prestige, and the self. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 2006; 13:1-18

Holmes M, O’Connell S. Leaks in the pipeline. Nature 2007; 446:346-347

Damschen EI, Rosenfeld KM, Wyer M, Murphy-Medley D, Wentworth TR, Haddad NM. Visibility matters: increasing knowledge of women’s contributions to ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2005; 3:212-219

Cameron EZ, Gray ME, White AM. Is publication rate an equal opportunity metric? Trends in Ecology & Evolution 2013; 28:7-8

Bedi G, Van Dam NT, Munafo M. Gender inequality in awarded research grants. The Lancet 2012; 380:474

Barres BA. Does gender matter? Nature 2006; 442:133-136

Williams WM, Ceci SJ. National hiring experiments reveal 2:1 faculty preference for women on STEM tenure track.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2015; 112 (17):5360-5365

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